The city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands is adopting a monitoring and forecasting system to support both its water and energy systems that uses real-time information to manage infrastructure and operations related to the effects of climate change. The initiative is called Climate Proof, with aims to make the city climate resilient by 2025. In addition to ambitious plans to create floating neighborhoods, and automated flood defenses, the city is also deploying a sensor network to monitor water and climate data in real time.
The city is working with IBM on a system that pools readings on water and climate to create an accurate and dynamic understanding. The centralized data enables administrators and operators to respond to threats such as floods, drought, and changes in water conditions.
Rotterdam has been at the forefront of sensor web applications for some time, that include the monitoring of infrastructure.
Among the innovative application of sensors in the city was the deployment of GeoBead sensor nodes during construction projects. The GeoBead is a combination of an inclinometer and temperature sensor that have been deployed on adjacent buildings to monitor construction work. The inclination measurements provide an overview of any deformation in two separate directions, and the temperature measurements show the effects of temperature changes on the operation of the buildings. These GeoBead sensors were installed before the start of work and continue to provide measurements for at least 3 years.
The smart connected city is a rapidly expanding approach for dealing with global change. Cities like Rotterdam that have been evolving and addressing the pressures of climate for a long time, help show the path and the benefits of sensor and system deployment.